The IF (Invisible Friend) Project is devoted to exploring the wild and wonderful ways children relate to the “see-through” world around them. Our team has interviewed children in 5 countries: US, Kenya, Nepal, Malawi, and in the Dominican Republic.

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In addition to interviewing children and parents about imaginary companions, we have asked them about other invisible beings, from angels and gods to ancestors, spirits, fairies, and even Santa Claus, depending on the culture.


Many children have drawn pictures of their IFs, and we share them with you on the Drawings page.


The About the Project page has a great video clip from one of our interviews. And the first articles from the research are linked or available on the Results/Publications page.

I am currently finishing a book about the research. Stay tuned.

J. Bradley Wigger, Project Director